Shortness of breath and catches of the heart may be just gas
The embarrassment is great. The subject is so delicate that a lot of people do not feel comfortable talking about it. But the formation of gases is far from being something out of the ordinary, on the contrary: the fermentation of food is part of the digestion process, being necessary for the use of a number of nutrients through the body, such as vitamins, minerals and proteins dairy products. "This is only cause for concern when it compromises social life, causes very strong cramps or endangers the diet due to the dilatation of the stomach," says nutrologist Laércio Gomes Gonçalves, from Brasília. Questions about gas formation and whether they cause health damage:
Are gases always related to food?
Gases are formed by the fermentation of ingested foods, but we can not necessarily consider a digestion problem . "The process happens due to the action of the bacteria existing in the entire digestive tract, from the mouth to the last segment of the large intestine," explains nutritionist Laércio Gomes Gonçalves, from Brasília. The fermentation of food is part of the mechanism of withdrawal and utilization of vitamins, minerals and even meat, milk and cheese proteins, which must be fermented to be used. What happens is that sometimes there is a greater accumulation of these gases resulting from fermentation, which need to go somewhere. "Carbohydrates stand out when it comes to the formation of gases, as is the case with leafy vegetables (cabbage and cabbage), potatoes and cassava," says the expert. Dairy products, such as milk, cheese and yogurt, are also more susceptible to fermentation - especially in situations of lactose intolerance.
In addition, chewing gum, smoking and drinking soft drinks can favor gas, especially belching, . This is simply because, by adopting these habits, the air of the environment or the gas of the refrigerant is also consumed, and they need to leave somewhere. "In these cases most of the gas bubbles are ruptured in contact with the acidic mucosa of the stomach wall, increasing the occurrence of belching, and not provoking intestinal disorders," explains the Nutrologist. Other habits that can increase air intake are eating too fast and talking during the meal. In addition, sedentary lifestyle can favor both gas and constipation. This is because spending many hours sitting down causes a decrease in peristaltic movements (movement of food and fecal cake), which increases the fermentation process and the formation of gases. "On the other hand, the decrease in the speed of digestion due to lack of movement after meals also contributes to the formation of gas, already in the stomach, as well as makes difficult the formation of fecal cake."
Gases cause even chest pain ?
Yes, you can give that impression. "Most of the gas stays parked in the transverse colon (the one that goes through the abdominal cavity from right to left) and tends to move upwards, whether you're sitting or standing," says nutritionist Laércio. With this, there is compression in the organs that are below the diaphragm (liver, gallbladder, pancreas and spleen). The movement of the gas bubbles causes this compression and, therefore, cramps and pains can appear in this region of the chest. "There is no cardiac risk in a situation like this, even though a good part of the population is aware of the existence of a posterior wall myocardial infarction, that is, precisely that portion that sits on the diaphragm muscle," says the expert. A colic in this position may scare, but the infarction usually comes with a host of other symptoms, such as vomiting and severe sweating.Do they dilate the stomach, interfering with hunger?
Yes. The accumulation of gases causes a dilation of the stomach, filling that space with air. "This causes a feeling of precocious satiety, leading to loss of appetite early," recalls gastroenterologist Décio Chinzon of Pasteur laboratory in Brasilia. This is very common with the intake of soft drinks, because all that gas can accumulate in the stomach. While this may seem to be an advantage, this effect can be disastrous for food re-education, since this "heavy stomach" feeling causes a person to not eat everything he or she should eat, get hungry earlier than expected and exaggerate in the following meals.
How to know when gases are causing health damage?
The excess gas is affected by the physical manifestations of discomfort: cramps in the abdomen, shortness of breath with shortness of breath inspiratory phase, shortness of breath, reflux in people with hiatal hernia, and burps with the odor of decaying foods, for example. "The gas in itself rarely causes major problems, but if it is associated with vomiting, diarrhea, weight loss or heartburn, the doctor should be consulted," says gastroenterologist Décio. ?
Does not cause any health damage specifically, says the gastroenterologist Décio. "However, it can cause the already described discomforts common to the accumulation of gases in the body," he added.
Giving off gases all the time is normal?
Eliminating gas all the time is unusual. "It may be a sign that there is excessive gas production due to an inadequate diet, usually rich in grains, lactose and fruits and vegetables with excess sorbitol or fructose," says gastroenterologist Décio. In addition, excessive gas release may be a symptom of some disease such as lactose intolerance, food intolerance, and gastroesophageal reflux.
Is flatulence and belching the same thing?
It's almost the same. Burping, or belching, is the release of gases contained in the esophagus or stomach. It can happen due to gastroesophageal reflux, which is when some digestive gases escape from the stomach and up the esophagus, or because of the excessive intake of gas during meals. Already flatulence is the release of air that has accumulated at the end of the intestine, due to the fermentation of food in the stomach.
Why does it smell so badly?
The gases of both flatulence and eructation are almost 100% nitrogen, oxygen, carbon dioxide, hydrogen and methane, the first two being the most abundant in the burp. Contrary to popular belief, these gases do not have any odor, either good or bad. However, a small part of the total of these gases (about 1%) is composed of sulfur, which is responsible for the bad smell and much more common in flatulence.
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