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Spotting on women's skin is more common after age 30

Spotting on women's skin is more common after age 30

Having a beautiful and healthy skin is a care that is increasingly part of the female life. Because of this, the appearance of blemishes on the skin becomes a problem. Over time, two types of spots reach women around the age of 30:

The "sunburns", whose medical name is solar melanoses, which are small dark brown spots, not only fruits of the hyperfunction of the melanocytes , which now produce more melanins, as well as a hyperproliferation of these cells. These are the results of sunburn, mainly due to UVB radiation;

The "pregnancy spots", correctly called melasma, which is due to an irregular increase in skin pigmentation, mainly caused by the daily and continuous action of both UVB , but also of UVA, which stimulates melanocyte prone, either by genetics or other conditions, especially pregnancy and hormonal contraceptive use, leading to an increase in melanin production.

How to know if it is already happening you

In both spots, its appearance can already be seen in the first moments. In the case of solar melanoses, the appearance of small chickinhas, the size of the head of a pin, is scattered across the face. In the case of melasma, the macha is much more extensive, brownish in color, which causes its carrier to confuse it with tan, and the normal skin area, which has a lighter shade, is assumed to be an area that has "a white spot."

One very interesting thing is that often the friends of the spotters say that when they are in the ballad under the purple light (argon light), dots and areas of shadow appear in the in the face of the friend, since this light is similar to what the dermatologist uses to diagnose these lesions (Wood's lamp), as well as highlight those that are not even visible to the naked eye.

In the case of solar melanoses, small pincers, the size of a pin's head, spread across the face

How to prevent

Always wear sunscreen remains the best way to protect yourself. However, commercial creams (OTC or cosmetics) that have vitamin C, vitamin E, kojic acid, phytic acid, coffeberry, niacinamide, hydroquinone, retinol palmitate, retinaldehyde, arbutin and others are good allies not only to prevent their appearance, but also to mitigate those that are already established. However, the ideal is to always follow a dermatological approach to the choice of the best product that addresses the issue.

How to treat

In the case of solar melanoses, currently the best technique used is intense pulsed light. There are several machines on the market with varying wavelengths, whether for the most superficial (540nm) or the deepest (570nm) spots. The number of sessions depends on person to person, besides being directly related to the number and intensity of the lesions. Brunet or tan people can not do the procedure because of the risk of burning the skin. In the case of melasma, the use of old and good superficial peels is still the best, always complemented by the daily and nocturnal use of retinoic acid. The peelings of retinoic acid or alpha-hydroxyacids are the most indicated, which are required in two to four sessions, ranging from seven to 15 days.

These treatments can be done by anyone, however the ideal is does not perform them in the patient who will not be able to protect themselves from sun exposure in the days following the procedure. The maintenance is daily, with the use of depigmenting substances and photoprotectors, although it is possible to perform a quarterly maintenance with a new peeling session; in more intense cases. The peeling can be complemented with a fractionated CO2 or Erbium laser session.


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