Stomach pain, gastritis or ulcer?
A simple pain in the stomach, if not treated at the beginning of the symptom, can evolve and transform the in a gastric or duodenal ulcer. Characterized by an inflammation or open lesion in the mucosa of the stomach or duodenum, the ulcer develops from the production of hydrochloric acid for the digestion of food. With this procedure, the organ begins to concentrate an acidity above normal and can injure the walls of the stomach or duodenum.
In most cases the ulcer manifests through a lot of burning, abdominal pain, nausea, nausea and vomiting. In these conditions, it is important to perform a high digestive endoscopy, not only to identify what is causing the condition, but, mainly, to rule out the possibility of gastric cancer, since the symptoms are similar. It is estimated that in the next few years approximately 22 thousand new cases of cancer in the stomach appear, according to INCA (National Cancer Institute).
"The habit of eating irregularly and with abuse of condiments, the use of cigarette, alcohol and coffee in excess, poorly cared for gastritis, are some indications for an ulcer evolution. However, the disease can also be triggered by Helicobacter bacteria, and by the constant use of anti-inflammatories and aspirin pain, "explains Mounib Tacla, a gastroenterologist.
Diagnosis and Treatment
Through digestive endoscopy it is possible to detect inflammation and treat it in time with an appropriate medication. The test is performed with mild sedation and a biopsy is done to remove a sample of tissue for analysis and research of the Helicobacter bacteria, and the whole procedure is painless.
Treatment is almost always done with medication, but it is important to combine this is a lifestyle change, reducing stress, stopping smoking, reducing alcohol and coffee, and taking care of food. "Generally those who get ulcers do not have a healthy diet routine, so it is essential for the success of the treatment to include healthy habits and abandonment of old habits," Dr. Tacla advises.
In order not to suffer from this terrible disease, the specialist indicates some ways to prevent the disease, but if the pain is constant, see a specialist doctor as soon as possible and complete the treatment specified for the case:
- Make five meals a day, reducing the amount;
- Avoiding soft drinks at night
- Avoiding beverages containing caffeine;
- Avoiding sodas and foods with a lot of condiments; Include in the food fruits, but avoid the acids;
- Include in the food vegetables and vegetables;
The study was done with 27,000 volunteers who had taken part in other research previously done. The scientists looked for the presence of the 9p21 gene - identified as a strong genetic marker for heart disease. In addition, all participants answered a questionnaire that had questions about their eating habits, lifestyle and family history of heart disease.
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