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Symptoms of infarction in women: understand the differences

Symptoms of infarction in women: understand the differences

It has long been thought that infarction and other cardiovascular diseases were a major concern for men. And in fact, they suffer a lot more heart attacks than they do.

However, women aged 15-29 tend to die more from heart attacks than men, until this curve reverses. See the chart below:

Female Infarction Symptoms

What not everyone knows is that the symptoms of a heart attack in women are often different than in men. "This is especially true in women over 55 years of age," explains cardiologist Pedro Mekhitarian of the St. Camille Hospitals Network in São Paulo.

See below for the most common infarction symptoms in women and common symptoms in both sexes :

Symptoms of female infarctSymptoms of infarction in both sexes
Chest pain that resembles a burning or pinchingChest pain similar to pressure, radiating to jaw, arms or back
WeaknessStomach pain
NauseaDizziness
Back, arm, neck or jaw painFainting
Feeling of dread

woman may take longer to be diagnosed. "The pains in them are often undervalued, because classically premenopausal women are less likely to have a heart attack than men of the same age," says cardiologist Bruno Valdigem of the Brazilian Society of Cardiac Arrhythmias.

This delay in care can be fatal . "We say 'time is muscle', meaning the longer it takes to go to the emergency room, the more heart muscle gets lost," Frizy Mekhitarian said. Depending on the type of first aid, the treatment should not take more than an hour and a half to occur.

Women at risk of myocardial infarction

Although women have a higher mortality due to myocardial infarction before age 30, age is a risk factor for them to have heart attacks.

This is because during menopause the levels of the estrogen hormone fall, which among other functions protects the arteries from fat plaque formation, decreasing risk of obstruction in the arteries that carry blood to the heart, causing the infarct.

Habits such as smoking, alcohol ingestion, stress, inadequate diet and sedentary lifestyle increase the risk of the event. "The use of contraceptives associated with other risk factors can lead to thrombosis, another cause of myocardial infarction," says Valdigem.

This is why it is important for women to be aware of the symptoms of myocardial infarction. women

Infarct prevention measures in women are the same as measures for men. See below:

Balanced diet