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Thermotherapy: know the pros and cons of the treatment for cellulite

Thermotherapy: know the pros and cons of the treatment for cellulite

Thermotherapy is every process that uses the temperature change of the tissues of the body to perform some treatment, be it aesthetic or therapeutic. In aesthetics, it usually involves heat treatments, which is applied with the goal to induce the enzymes and active products so that they penetrate faster in the body. Radiofrequency is a type of thermotherapy, but it can also be done with thermal blankets as well.

Treatments that use the lowest temperature are called cryotherapy.

Other names

Therapy with a thermal blanket

Indications of thermotherapy

Thermotherapy may have several indications. When done with the thermal blanket, it usually works by promoting sweating, which is beneficial for fluid retention and also for eliminating toxins from the body. But, in general, heat is used to facilitate the entry of cosmetics or enzymes applied to the skin, so the benefits will vary according to the purpose of the assets, which can be to combat cellulite, promote reduction of measures, between other purposes.

The radiofrequency is indicated to treat flaccidity, cellulite and wrinkles mainly, as well as acne and stretch marks.

Thermo-Therapy with Blanket thermal treatment is beneficial for those with arthritis, osteoarthritis, rheumatism.

How is thermotherapy

made? It can be done either with the application of thermal blankets or with radiofrequency.

In the first treatment, the skin is cleansed and exfoliated to remove layers of impurities. After that, apply a gel with enzymes to break down fat and put the plastic film to make an occlusion (smothering). Next comes the thermal blanket.

Blankets that reach the maximum temperature of 40 degrees Celsius are used, which operate on electric power and are composed of electrodes that dissipate the heat. And the higher the amount of fat located in the region of application, the higher the temperature applied, so that the heat is able to penetrate all layers of fat. A blanket covering the whole body, or smaller blankets, that are placed in regions such as legs, flanks, thighs, arms, abdomen, buttocks and breech can be used.

Infrared can be used in combination with this treatment, mainly in regions with more fat, as it helps in the penetration of heat and active.

Radiofrequency is first made by sanitizing the area of ​​the skin where it will be made with water and soap or cleaning oil. Vaseline will then be applied to the area to be treated if it is part of the body or conduction gel when the treatment area is facial. Through the applicators positioned on the skin, radiofrequency shots are performed at the treated site. After the applied material is removed and the session is terminated.

The technique is noninvasive and effects only in the treatment area. The goal of each session is to raise the temperature of the skin and subcutaneous tissue to 39 ° C to 42 ° C and maintain it for a period of 14 minutes. After treatment, the gel or petroleum jelly is removed from the skin.


Thermal blanket thermotherapy sessions to detoxify are usually done once a week, a process that takes up to three sessions. The localized treatments can be done once or twice a week until the expected result is achieved. Each session takes one hour and 20 minutes and monthly maintenance may be necessary.

Radiofrequency is done between three and 10 sessions, according to the degree of sagging and the area treated. The application lasts from 20 to 40 minutes and annual maintenance can be done.

Professionals who can do

Thermotherapy with thermal blankets can be made by healthcare professionals, such as beauticians, physiotherapists and dermatologists. Radiofrequency should be done only by dermatologists and trained physiotherapists.

Care Before Thermotherapy

Before any thermotherapy session (whether with thermal blanket or radiofrequency use) it is necessary for the patient to worry only about proper cleaning

After heat therapy

After the session with thermal blankets, it is recommended that a person drink plenty of fluid to replace what has been lost in a healthy way. But the ideal is that the person chooses between water and light juices without sugar.

Already after radiofrequency, special care must be taken with sunscreen and with the redness, swelling and mild hives caused after the process. > Contraindications

Treatment with a thermal blanket is contraindicated for high blood pressure and thrombosis, as it increases blood activity.

In radiofrequency treatment, there are contraindications: any skin disease in the treated area, use of a pacemaker, defibrillator, or any electronic implant contraindicates radiofrequency treatment. Coagulopathies, excessive bleeding or bruising, history of deep thrombosis and use of medications such as anticoagulants and corticosteroids continuously and use of isotretinoin in the last six months also prevent the method. People with active or recent malignant tumors, uncontrolled thyroid disease, any history of heat-induced diseases such as herpes at the site being treated, endocrine disorder such as diabetes, and HIV can not undergo radiofrequency. > Radiofrequency treatment should not be done in regions with synthetic implants, tattoos or permanent makeup. After application of botox, it is necessary to wait at least four days to do the radiofrequency, after fills and chemical peeling one must wait two weeks. After deep peeling and laser procedures, it is necessary to wait a month.

Pregnant can do?

None of the treatments related to thermotherapy is indicated for pregnant women

Possible complications of thermotherapy

the only possible complications are changes in blood pressure and burns, but this only happens if the practitioner is unprepared or when the patient's health history is not well researched (for those with high blood pressure).

Already in radiofrequency , there may be burns generated by the heat emanating from the appliance. In order to avoid complication, it is necessary that the apparatus is well calibrated and the technique is performed correctly.

Before and after thermotherapy

After the complete treatment with the thermal blankets, the results depend, of course, on the that the patient was treating. But it can be expected: reduction of measures, detoxification of the skin, elimination of the liquid retained in the body, hydration of the skin, improvement of elasticity, reduction of cellulite and localized fat. However, the treatment has discrete results.

At radiofrequency, the skin is expected to be firmer, a result that is generally seen after the third session. But they depend on several factors, such as age, place of application, degree of flaccidity, number of sessions and maintenance of the results.


Dermatologist Alessandra Drummond (CRM: 5289443-5), member of the Brazilian Society of Dermatology

Esthetician Simone Gonçalves Garrett, from Club Capelli in Rio de Janeiro

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