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HIV treatment reduces risk of contagion among couples

HIV treatment reduces risk of contagion among couples

The use of condoms is the most effective method of preventing HIV. Those who already have the virus, however, should know that adherence to treatment is also essential to reduce the risk of transmission. This is what a study published in the medical journal Lancet shows on Saturday (1st). The research was conducted by experts from various institutions, such as the Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention in China and Harvard University in the United States. more than 38,000 Chinese couples who were followed up for nine years. Seropositive people from 24,000 couples received antiretroviral treatment. The experience had already been done previously, but on a smaller scale. In 2011, after a survey of 1,700 serodiscordant couples (in which one is seropositive and the other not), the World Health Organization (WHO) started to encourage early treatment regardless of the count of defense cells in the blood of the infected person , thanks to the finding that the treatment reduced the risk of transmission by 96%. The results of the current study show different but also positive numbers: the risk of HIV transmission among serodiscordant couples decreases by 26% if there is adherence to treatment. The efficacy of therapy as a form of prevention in the study couples declined a year later, suggesting the possibility of drug resistance or other factors. Health professionals report, however, that the percentage reflects a minimal risk reduction , since many patients are slow to adapt to treatment that includes even changes of habit. In addition, many of them still make irregular use of medications. Therefore, it is very important to follow the medical recommendations to ensure more effective prevention. Food is also part of the treatment The choice and the way food is prepared plays a major role in the life of the HIV-positive. Here are some precautions to avoid the risk of opportunistic infections in the patient:

Food re-education

The HIV virus can accelerate metabolism, favoring the weight loss of the seropositive. Therefore, eating properly is key. Invest in healthy fats and proteins, drink lots of fluids and do not go long without eating.

Nausea

The medication used by the person with AIDS has numerous side effects and one of them is nausea. At the smallest sign of this symptom, prefer to eat foods of pasty consistency and in small portions. Ginger tea may also help.

Separate liquid and solid

Drinking while eating can disrupt digestion, causing reflux, increasing the feeling of discomfort and even worsening nausea. Therefore, first consume what is in the dish and then quench the thirst.

In the freezer

Special care should be taken when thawing food. Leave the portions in the refrigerator and not exposed outdoors. Avoid still freezing again what is left. If you have not consumed it, throw it out.


Risk of oropouche virus contamination worries experts

Risk of oropouche virus contamination worries experts

Experts from the Medical School of Ribeirão Preto at the University of São Paulo (FMRP - USP) warn of the possibility of Brazil manifesting another outbreak caused by arboviruses, diseases caused by mosquitoes. According to Professor Luiz Tadeu Moraes Figueiredo of the Medical School of Ribeirão Preto, University of São Paulo, the oropouche virus causes acute fever and, eventually, meningitis and inflammation.

(Health)

Hepatitis B Vaccine

Hepatitis B Vaccine

The hepatitis B vaccine is part of the national immunization schedule and is mandatory. There are two types of hepatitis B vaccine: the first generation contains virus particles obtained from the plasma of virus donors, inactivated by the formalin; the second generation is prepared by genetic engineering method and obtained by DNA recombination technology (deoxyribonucleic acid).

(Health)