Rotavirus vaccine (pentavalent)
The pentavalent rotavirus vaccine is a subtype and is found only in the private health care network and protects against 5 subtypes of the virus.
Diseases that the rotavirus vaccine prevents
Vaccination is indicated to avoid complications related to this virus. The classic form of the disease, which occurs primarily in the range of six months to two years, is characterized by an abrupt form of vomiting, diarrhea (with watery stools, fatty appearance), and high fever. Mild and subclinical forms may occur in adults and asymptomatic forms in the neonatal phase and during the first four months of life. Eventually, the picture involves other symptoms such as nausea, inappetence and abdominal pain, respiratory compromise characterized by otitis media and bronchopneumonia.
Transmission is fecal-oral, by person-to-person contact and also by objects, utensils and toys, besides rotavirus being found on surfaces of collective environments. They are excreted in large quantities (about one trillion particles per milliliter of fecal specimen during the acute phase of the diarrhea) in the feces of infected children. It can also be transmitted by contaminated water and food, contaminated objects and probably also by respiratory excretions.
Indications of the vaccine
The vaccine is indicated for children under six months, after which it is no longer needed, being
The vaccination schedule for the pentavalent vaccine is three doses, the first being at 2 months, the second at 4 months and the second at 4 months. third at 6 months of age. Minimum interval of 30 days between doses
Administration of rotavirus vaccine
The vaccine is given exclusively by the oral route.
Dosing should not be repeated when the child regurgitates, vomits, or if the vaccine is given outside the recommended time frame. In these cases, consider the valid dose.
This vaccine should not be given outside of the recommended age range. It is also contraindicated in the occurrence of hypersensitivity (allergic anaphylactic reaction) after receiving a previous dose and a history of hypersensitivity to any component of the vaccine.
Although the child is in the recommended age group, the vaccine is contraindicated: when she has immunodeficiency; in the use of immunosuppressive drugs, such as corticosteroid treatment at more than 2 mg per kilogram daily for two weeks or more, or chemotherapy; and when there is a history of chronic gastrointestinal disease, congenital malforma- tion of the uncorrected digestive tract, or previous history of intestinal invagination.
Possible adverse effects
Studies of more than 60,000 children have shown that the rotavirus are not very different from those with other vaccines.
Where to find rotavirus vaccine
Some medical covenants cover this vaccine in the private healthcare system. If you have any questions or concerns, please contact your operator to see if your plan offers this coverage. The pentavalent vaccine is only found in private hospitals and clinics.
Frequently Asked Questions
Can I update my vaccinations card at any age? should. Although it is best to follow the vaccination schedule and immunize at the recommended ages, it is important to take the vaccines that are delayed. However, this rule only applies to vaccines that continue to be recommended in adulthood, such as tetanus, pertussis, and diphtheria. However, vaccines you should have taken during childhood only, and that miss the recommendation for adults, because the risk of the disease no longer exists, do not need to be taken. An example is rotavirus, a disease that is very serious in childhood and must be vaccinated in the period, but that for adults does not cause impact beyond annoyance, losing the need for vaccination. It is therefore important to follow the calendar from birth to old age, respecting the priority ages.
Can I take the vaccines before the specified time?
No, the minimum ages must be respected. In practice, there is probably no risk of being vaccinated early, but there are no safety studies for that age group, apart from no indication of the vaccine. Age indications take into account the epidemiological recommendation, that is, the period of life in which you are most at risk of suffering from that disease or its complications. That is why some childhood vaccines no longer need to be given to adults because the risk period has passed. The logic is the same for vaccines given only in adults. "An example is the triple virus (diphtheria, tetanus and pertussis), that the child's immature immune system may not be enough to contain live viruses, and the child may become severely ill," says immunologist Eduardo. with allergy to any vaccine, will not be able to take it any more?
In general, it is very difficult for a person to be allergic to the vaccine itself, but to other elements that are inside it. Contraindications are, according to pediatrician Isabella, only for people who have already suffered an anaphylactic shock in the following cases: for measles vaccines, measles, mumps, rubella and yellow fever vaccines are contraindicated because these live viruses are grown in the food before go to the vaccine; in cases of mercury anaphylaxis are contraindicated vaccines with this element, in general those administered by SUS; and those who have ever had anaphylactic latex shock should be informed about the vaccines at their standard vaccination site, as some may contain remnants of the substance. P>
Ministry of Health
General practitioner Eduardo Finger (CRM: SP72161 ), coordinator of the research and development department of SalomãoZoppi Diagnostics.
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