Weight gain little relevant when quitting smoking
The idea that stopping smoking inevitably leads to weight gain is quite widespread, which ends up being an incentive not to give up smoking. However, a new study led by researchers at the University of Tennesse in the United States and published in the Health Service Research journal showed that such a belief may be no more than a myth. > The finding came from data from 349,000 smokers and former smokers from 2004 to 2005 and from 2009 to 2010, provided by the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance Survey . The authors concluded that men and young women had a 2.3% increase in BMI within one month after dropping out of the BMI. smoking and 5.2% after three and six months. Among older men and women, however, the weight gain was slightly higher. The highest value was achieved by women, who increased their BMI by approximately 8 kilograms by 8 kilos, ten years after smoking cessation. The study aimed to encourage the abandonment of cigarettes, mainly by young people . They also point out that among people with obesity or overweight, the increase in BMI from smoking cessation was similar to that of people with an ideal weight. Four ruthless tips to quit smoking
The beginning comes as a joke . One cigarette here, another there after dinner, and when you do, you're out of control. The desire to stop, on the other hand, is very serious and requires effort, besides a firm will to resist the anxiety that beats at some moments of the day. According to psychologist Maria Teresa Cruz Lourenço, coordinator of the Cancer Hospital, nicotine creates chemical dependence and also psychological dependence, since it becomes an outlet for anxiety. "Holding the cigarette between your fingers, taking it to your mouth and even combining it with a cup of coffee becomes part of the day to day, abandoning these cracks can be very difficult," he says. She and other experts suggest seven tricks to cheat the urge to smoke at a time when it is still difficult to quit swallowing. Avoid places with many smokers Just as a person on a diet should avoid a restaurant with very high calorie meals, those who want to quit have to move away from places with many smokers. "Being close to temptation in the first few days without a cigarette can be very difficult," says psychologist Laura de Hollanda Batitucci Campos, of the Integrated Oncology Clinics (COI). She also suggests avoiding alcohol, since drinking is closely linked to smoking. "Over time, it's easier to get along with other smokers," says
2. Break the routine
For most smokers, smoking is part of a routine. Some smoke early on waking up to a cup of coffee. Others, infallibly, after lunch. Therefore, to deceive the will to smoke, it is fundamental to break those habits. "Change the place of the meal, vary the dishes and the hours of their activities", advises Maria Teresa.
3. Focus on another activity
"In the early days away from cigarettes, the ex-smoker has extremely dangerous willpills, but lasts only a few minutes," says Laura. In these moments, the best way out is to be distracted by some activity that requires concentration and which preferably keeps your mouth and hands busy. When you feel you are going through one of these spikes, get up and go brush your teeth, drink a glass of water or chew something. "Just do not eat high-calorie foods so you do not get fat and later claim that weight gain is a result of smoking cessation."
4. Seek support from family and friends
Trying to involve friends and family in the fight against smoking can make the task of quitting cigarettes much easier. "With more allies in this fight, everyone gets more motivated and there is no temptation to live so closely with someone who smokes and has no purpose to stop," says Laura.
Osteoporosis is a worldwide public health problem that worsens as the longevity of the population increases. It affects about 200 million people worldwide, with 4 women for each man, and is associated with fractures mainly of the spine, hip and wrist. Characterized by the quantitative loss of bone mass and architecture, osteoporosis is related direct relationship with bone metabolism, ie balance between bone production and resorption - processes that are controlled by the action of osteoblasts and osteoclasts, respectively.
To mark the National Day to Combat Cancer , November 27, the National Cancer Institute (INCA) has released new numbers of the disease in the country. Named Cancer Surveillance Information , the study had information from 22 Population Base Cancer Registries (RCBP) and another 11 RCBPs covering the period between 1987 and 2009.