Winter calls for increased attention to skin hydration
In winter, it is common to increase the number of patients with itching problems, especially in the legs. In individuals with pre-disposition and especially in the elderly, the skin becomes extremely dry at this time, as we are subject to the cold and very dry climate, and the dry environment ends up dehydrating the skin of the whole body. In addition, there tends to be a hotter, more time-consuming bath, and a low fluid intake.
The skin becomes dry, scaly, and itching - which can lead to abrasions or even the formation of wounds and eczema - may appear gradually. Wounds from the itch can also become infected. Patients who have a tendency to dermatitis, have them more frequently and respond less to normal treatments if they do not seek treatment as soon as possible.
Some patients note the worsening of seborrheic dermatitis, atopic dermatitis and, due to the decrease of the care with the skin of the face, the increase of blackheads.
This aspect of dry skin can present as an eczema called "craquelé" (similar to the cracked ceramics design). Individuals who already suffer from other skin diseases tend to have greater problems, such as those with atopic dermatitis. People with a congenital dryness called ichthyosis, the elderly person who has little ability to keep the skin hydrated (since, at that age, there is a decrease in glands and thinning of the skin) and those who may, at the moment, be suffering from another disease of skin are also more prone to problems related to dry skin in winter.
Therefore, dermatologists are always reinforcing the need to use the skin moisturizer. The vast majority of moisturizers available on the market have good quality, however, some have specific indication for each skin type, disease, age and especially if there are other associated diseases. It is also advised to avoid bathing too hot, long, with the use of scrubs and strong soaps.
Skin diseases associated with cold
In addition to dry skin, there are more patients with contagious diseases, such as scabies (scabies), infectious molluscs and other non-dermatological infectious diseases, as there is a greater tendency to agglomeration and more intimate social interaction, by the habit of finding a warm and warm place indoors.
Some patients note the worsening of seborrheic dermatitis, atopic dermatitis, and , due to decreased facial skin care, increased blackheads, and even a worsening of acne (due to pore obstruction).
Those who do routine daily and dermatological treatment can be treated with peelings , laser procedures or intense pulsed light and other more aggressive, since the winter tends to be a period where the patients do not usually attend beaches, field or practice activities of grand and sun exposure, which avoids complications, especially post-procedural stains. p>
So during the winter, there is a need for extra attention to hydrate the skin as a whole, just as in summer there is a great focus on sunscreens. Do not, however, also continue to use a good sunscreen. Some patients change the vehicle - in the summer, they usually use lotions, gel creams, sprays and, in winter, there is more frequent prescription of sunscreens.
If the skin is altered or signs of dehydration and it do not get better with regular moisturizers, see a dermatologist as soon as possible.
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