Women suffering from heart attack are at greater risk of dying than men
Although they are always associated with men, heart disease, especially heart attack, may be more fatal for women. This was the result of a study conducted by the University of Leeds in partnership with the Karolinska Institute in Sweden.
To reach this conclusion, the scientists analyzed approximately 180,000 Swedish patients who had a heart attack over 10 years and found that women were three times more likely to die from a heart attack the next year after suffering one.
The cause of this proportion is not linked to genetic or physiological factors, but to cultural issues. According to researchers, women are 24 percent less likely to get statin, a drug that helps prevent a second heart attack, and are 16 percent less likely to get aspirin to prevent clots. They are also 34% less likely to receive artery clearing procedures, such as a bypass graft and stent implantation. "The findings of this study suggest that there are clear and simple ways to improve the outcomes of women suffering from a heart attack - we should ensure an equal supply of evidence-based treatments, "said Chris Gale, co-author of the study and professor of cardiovascular medicine at the University of Leeds.
Changes in therapy begin in the first contact with the doctor, since they do not usually point out the main symptom of the disease: chest pain. Therefore, they are less indicated for diagnostic exams, making them 50% more likely to suffer with the initial misdiagnosis.
The article also showed that the difference in the mortality rate between the genders was lower when compared to the women who won usual treatments. "We need to work harder to change the perception that heart attacks only affect a particular type of person," says Professor Chris Gale.
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