Yellow fever vaccine: see how to protect yourself when traveling
The Yellow Fever vaccine is the effective way to prevent the disease. At a time of outbreak such as the current one, it is important that anyone preparing to travel should remember to take the vaccine at least 10 days before leaving.
The sites considered at risk for the outbreak of yellow fever are:
- East of Minas Gerais
- West of Espírito Santo
- West of Bahia
- Northwest of Rio de Janeiro, which is located on the border with areas that have case records. to the outside also needs to be vaccinated. This is because some countries often request the International Certificate of Vaccination or Prophylaxis (CIVP) as a way to prove the vaccination of the traveler.
Some of the countries that require the CIVP for foreigners are:
- Costa Rica
- El Salvador
- The full list of countries needing the vaccine against fever yellow can be found on the website of the World Health Organization
In order to obtain the certificate, it is necessary to first take the vaccine and then fill out a form on the Anvisa website to enter the documentation.
Therefore, if you for a national or international trip in the next few days, it is imperative that you include the yellow fever vaccine in your travel list.
Where to find yellow fever vaccine
Immunization can be found in Basic Health Units ( UBSs) of municipalities, mun medical centers (AMEs) and some airports. A good way to find the nearest vaccination point is to go to your local health department's website.
How the yellow fever vaccine works
The yellow fever vaccine is made from of the attenuated virus (strain 17D) and is applied subcutaneously in the arm region. Immunization acts by stimulating the body to produce its own protection against the virus.
Who needs to take the yellow fever vaccine
The yellow fever vaccination schedule is two doses for both adults and children.
Children: need to receive the vaccines at nine months and four years of age. Thus, protection is guaranteed for the rest of your life. In outbreak situations, the vaccine can be applied from six months of age.
- Adults: for those who did not take or do not remember to take the vaccine, the orientation is to apply one dose of the vaccine and another dose of the vaccine, ten years after the first.
- It is worth remembering that these recommendations are only for people who live or will travel to an area of risk. Therefore, those who are not in the risk areas or are not going to travel to these locations do not need to take the vaccine at this time.
Who Should Not Take the Yellow Fever Vaccine
Pregnant women who are breastfeeding children up to six months of age and the elderly over 60 should not take the yellow fever vaccine. If you have a chronic disease or do a cancer treatment, it is also not recommended that you take the vaccine, as the antidote can bring complications to your body.
In the impossibility of postponing vaccination, as in situations of epidemiological emergencies, outbreaks, epidemics, or travel to areas at risk of contracting the disease, you should talk to your doctor so that he can evaluate the benefit and risk of vaccination.
What are the necessary documents to take the vaccine? yellow fever
If you already know where to take the yellow fever vaccine, it is important that you submit a photo ID and vaccination card.
Those who have lost their vaccination records can go to the health service they frequent and try to retrieve the history. If this is not possible, it is best to start the scheme normally. Therefore, people from the age of five who have never been vaccinated, or without proof of vaccination, need to take the first dose of the vaccine.
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